The monograph is devoted to the unexplored subaerial factor of sedimentogenesis and morpho-lithogenesis, the significance of which for the development of the Earth turned out to be commensurate with the tectonic factor, and for continental sediments and formations it is decisive. In particular, it is he who determines the division of the Quaternary cover of the territory of Ukraine (and other territories) into loess (with accumulation of atmospheric dust during the Pleistocene) and Polissya (without loess, “sand”) regions.
The essence of this factor is revealed on the basis of the analysis of the geological structure and paleogeographic development of the Ovruch loess island and the surrounding territory of the sandy Polissya, and consists in the property of certain areas of the earth’s surface to attract (accumulate) or repel (deflate) fine particles, that is, atmospheric dust. Despite the fact that it is associated with aeolian processes, its main effect is determined not by the movements of air masses, but by the mentioned property of the earth’s surface, which is the reason for the introduction of the new term “geoeolian”. Based on many examples of the territory of Ukraine and other countries, including other continents, global and continuous manifestation of the geoeolian factor is revealed and numerous examples of hierarchical spatial division of the earth’s surface into deflationary and afflationary (with atmospheric dust deposition) are given. Also considered is phasing (change in time) of manifestation of this factor, its regional variability, as well as the division of the earth’s surface into a mosaic of plots with various types of geoeolian phasing.
The deep essence of the geoeolian factor probably has an electrical (electrostatic) origin. That is, the said spatial heterogeneity of precipitation or deflation of atmospheric dust is determined by the distribution of electrical charges on the surface of the earth’s crust. Virtually all of the identified patterns and characteristics of the manifestation of the geoeolian actor are in excellent agreement and are explained by its electrical content.
The work conducted a comprehensive analysis of the geological structure, relief , processes and phenomena associated with the subject of the study, in particular: 1) the geological structure and history of the formation of the Ovruch Loess Island and the adjacent areas of Zhytomyr Polissya; 2) other known phenomena and phenomena of accumulation of atmospheric (eolian) dust of loess-soil strata; 3) the spread of loess and Polissya regions of Ukraine, as well as other nearby countries as a result of the processes of geoeolian content; 4) the stratigraphic sequences set of the loess-soil cover, as a result of the staged geoeolian processes (ie, discrete accumulation of atmospheric dust in the Late Cenozoic); 5) all factors of geoeolian processes that determine eolian sedimentogenesis and can also affect the attraction or repulsion of atmospheric dust relative to the earth’s surface; 6) the main factor of the geoeolian morpho-lithogenesis, which determines the attraction or repulsion of atmospheric dust relative to the earth’s surface (geoeolian mode), as well as a change in its sign (direction) and intensity during of the Late Cenozoic. 7) the results of the study of the electrical component (as the main factor of geoeolian morpho-lithogenesis), in the systems Earth-Solar system, Earth-atmosphere-ionosphere, earth crust-atmosphere; 8) also considered the causes, features and patterns of occurrence of electric charges in the Earth’s atmosphere and lithosphere; temporal changes of electric charges in various components of the paleogeographic envelope; the role of aerosols in the earth’s atmosphere and the effect of electrostatic charges on them; the role of atmospheric and terrestrial electrical charges in involvement, attracting, moving and falling out of aerosols (including dust) from the atmosphere and the like.
Special attention is additionally paid to the issues of theoretical substantiation and practical application of the results of the study of geoeolian morpho-lithogenesis, in particular: 9) the establishment of temporal patterns (changes) geoeolian mode (rhythmics, phasing, cyclicity, taxonomy, etc.); 10) the development and introduction of new principles of genetic indexation of subaerial facies for maps of Quaternary (and Pliocene) sediments, which takes into account the differentiation of morpholithogenesis by deflationary or affliationary signs; 11) to recreating of the paleogeographic mechanism of the Late Cenozoic geoeolian morpho-lithogenesis.
A separate section is devoted to theoretical and methodological aspects. in it four important issues are considered: Phasing (paleogeographic), Documentary principle, Neotectogenesis (as the basis of electrical phenomena in the lithosphere) and “Scheme of paleogeographic staging and detailed stratigraphy of Late (Upper) Cenozoic of Ukraine” (and Neotectonic Phasing inclusively) with the corresponding explanatory text to its components (columns). This section in a reduced volume reveals the basic theoretical and methodological provisions, without which the identification and justification of the geoeolian factor would hardly be possible.
Text of more than 725 thousand characters, illustrated with 70 figures and several tables; References 278 sources; there is a separate section “Terms and abbreviations” (150 units).