The scientific and technical exhibition of the USGRI is the leading exposition of the Ukraine’s geological exploration industry, which reflects the current state of its mineral resources. The exhibition begins its history on November 1, 1983, when a permanent exhibition “Scientific and Technological Progress in “Mingeo” Organizations” was opened in the premises of the former Ministry of Geology.
The exhibition was updated quarterly. On its basis, boards, scientific and technical councils and other official meetings were held to discuss the popularization ways of exploration industry development (especially, its promising areas) and introduction of new scientific, technical and industrial achievements in the mentioned industry.
Along with native geology, during the recent decades, we survived difficult times of reorganization and restructuring when the exhibition expositions have almost ceased their existence for many years. And only thanks to the selfless work of enthusiastic geologists on the basis of USGRI in 2000 the exposition “Mineral and raw material base of Ukraine” was restored, and in 2005 these expositions were united into one permanent scientific and technical exhibition of USGRI.
The exposition was created in accordance with the aims and directions of USGRI’s work. It has a single plan, common development tasks and reflects the level of modern geological knowledge. It includes next sections:
- Mineral and raw material base of Ukraine;
- Decorative and facing stone of Ukraine;
- Mineralogical collections from around the world;
- Cartographic section and tablets which cover the scientific accompaniment of geological exploration works and the state of Ukraine’s minerals.
The specific section is located in the State Geological Survey’s premise. The materials of this section cover the results of the exploration works on the main types of minerals in Ukraine. The exhibition acquaints visitors with the Ukraine’s subsurface richness and promotes geological knowledge.
Unfortunately, due to the difficult situation in the geological field during the recent years, the fund’s renovation with new materials is quite slow, but by the forces of enthusiastic geologists, the museum remains as an archive of acquired knowledge and as an educational center of the geological field.
The exposition’s structure is subordinated to a single general goal – to reflect the current state of Ukraine’s geological knowledge.
Ore samples which were obtained within deposit’s areas are systematized according to the available classification of minerals. Each showcase corresponds to a certain type of minerals and their primary products. Among the exposition’s main tasks are: collection, generalization, storage, monographic description and demonstration of collections as material evidence and sources of primary information about the geological exploration industry development.
Cat’s eye (Dnepropetrovsk region)
Ore and mineral samples from Ukraine’s deposits are exhibited in special showcases.
Combustible raw materials are represented by oil and condensate from the Precarpathian and Dniprovsko-Donetska depression fields. Various types of oil and ozokerite (mineral wax) are exhibited. Samples of solid combustible minerals (peat, combustible shale, lignite and coal) are also exhibited in a separate showcase.
Iron ores of Ukraine
The metallic minerals are represented by samples of iron, titanium, and manganese ores. Ilmenite-apatite ores from the Stremygorodske deposit, Paromivske deposit, etc., manganese ores from the Nikopol basin, chromium ores from the Kapitanovske deposit, ferrous quartzites of Kryvyi Rih and bog ores from the Kerch iron ore basin are exhibited. More than 60 samples are exhibited.
The collection of gold ores collected at the Ukraine’s deposits is represented by samples taken from next fields: Saulyak, Bobrykivske, Muzhiivske, Klyntsi and others.
Cat’s eye (Kryvyi Rih region)
The Zhytomyr region, which is the richest in facing granites, is represented here by the largest number of samples. And of course you can find here well known Leznykivsky red granites, gray granites from Korostyshiv and pink-gray samples from Kornynsky deposit. The significant granite deposits are also known in other regions: red ones at the Kapustinske deposit (Kirovograd region), dark gray ones at the Zhezhelivske (Vinnytsia region) and many others.
You can also observe the representatives of the unique gabbro and labradorite deposits, large reserves oh which are located in the Zhytomyr and Cherkasy regions. The individual crystals of labrador flash blue, skyey, purple, greenish colors, under the sunlight, which gives the stone a special expressiveness.
Beryl crystal (Volyn deposit)
Volyn chamber pegmatite deposit is the only one in our country, which contains rare “wine” and blue topazes, smoky quartz of various shades and its semi-precious varieties. And also worth mentioning the gems of Polissya (crystals of “pure water”) which are the cleanest, conditioned and quite suitable for the manufacture of first-class jewelry.
Topaz (Volyn deposit)
Of all the minerals, the most common in nature is quartz, which often occurs in the form of druse and well-formed colored crystals. And our collection includes its crystalline varieties: rock crystal, smoky quartz, morion, amethyst, rose quartz, prase, cat’s eye, and others.
Smoky quartz (Volyn deposit)
The museum staff is open to cooperation and hopes that the collection fund will continue replenishing with new stone material, and the exposition will develop as geological study will cover new areas of the Ukrainian subsurface.
Viewing the exposition of the USGRI’s museum lifts the mood, creates mind’s peace and restores selfbalance.