Thematic Tour “Geological Memories of the Western and Central part of Ukraine” (8 days).

Tour start: Odessa city (June 21, 2019)

End of the tour: Kiev city (June 28, 2019)

ROUTE: Odessa – Uman – Vinnitsa – Kamyanets-Podilskyi – Yaremcha – Morshyn – Rivne – Kiev

The purpose of the excursion is to familiarize with the monuments of Ukraine, its geological structure, unique natural objects and interesting tourist attractions throughout the route. You will travel to cities and settlements in 14 regions of Ukraine. Get acquainted with their history, natural geological complexes, visit temples and churches, visit the mineral deposits. The journey begins with Odessa city.



 Collection of the group at 08.00, June 21, 2019, near the central entrance of the Mirnyy Resort resort (Odessa, Fontanska Doroha str., 71A).

Moving to the National Park “Buzkyi Gart” village of Migia. The village itself is very picturesque. There are such objects of the natural reserve fund as “Protichanskaja rock”, Radonovy lake and “Mecca” of water tourism – the threshold “Integral”. The place where the river failed to destroy the exits of very strong rocks (pink porphyry garnet-biotite granites of the booty intrusive complex Paleoproterozoi – 2400-2600 million years). Its bedrock, bending insuperable obstacles, creates a unique zigzag-shaped twist.

Moving to the border of Nikolaev and Kirovograd regions, where near the village of Pobuzhya we will visit the Museum of Strategic Missile Forces. It represents a combat starting position with a missile-launching unit, a missile launcher command post, ground equipment (refrigeration center, power unit, guard room with automated security systems) and auxiliary mechanisms of the OS missile system that are preserved in its original form. Exposition of special missile technology is located on the territory of combat position.

This exceptional museum, the only one in Europe. The direction of its exposition reminds of the danger that still threatens the world today.

Transfer to village Zavalli of the Kirovograd region. Visiting Zavalivsky deposit of graphite is the largest in Ukraine and the world’s second largest deposit of graphite ores. It has been operating for over 80 years. This deposit of graphite  is the pride of the country. Practically perfect graphite is highly valued on the world market. It is exported to Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Japan, America, as well as to countries of Western and Eastern Europe. Here, in the open quarry, the depth of 250 m is extraction of graphite ore. These are kaolinized gneisses, in which besides graphite there are sillimanite, quartz, pyroxene, chloride, biotite and pomegranate.

Transfer to Uman city. Accommodation and overnight at the hotel. For those wishing to attend an evening visit to the National Dendrology Park “Sofiyivka”.

National Dendrology Park “Sofiyivka” founded in 1796 by the owner of the city of Uman Stanislav Potocki. Named after his wife Sofia. The park was created in almost locality, disassembled by the river Kamenka, by beams and ravines, which crashed into a granite substrate, which often appeared on the surface. Local and exotic shrubs were planted, the first architectural structures were built and “Sofiyivka” decorated with ancient sculptures. The park is characterized by artificial rocks (Levkadskaya (Belvedere), Tarpeiskaya and others), grottoes (Venus, Nutcracker, Fear and Doubts and others), pavilions (Flowers, Pink), pavilions, sculptures.


Breakfast at the hotel.

Geological excursion to Illinetsky crater.

Illinetsky crater – the oldest and most famous for today from the six impressive craters of the Ukrainian shield. Its size is 4 × 5.5 km, and the area of ​​crushed rocks has a diameter of about 7 km. A meteorite with a diameter of 250-300 m and a probable mass of 40 million tons fell on a layer of gray silurian siltstone and argillites with a thickness of approximately 10 m.

It is interesting to see a career that resembles a normal clay quarry, until you touch this “clay”.

Flint and Tagamite are very interesting breeds that can be found in quarries. Flint contain a significant amount of debris of brecciated granites, less gneisses in size from 1-3 mm to 10-20 cm. Mineral fragments are represented by quartz, amphibole, pyroxene, occasionally garnet. The cementing mass of the rock is the same finely crushed minerals. The content of glass in the stars varies from 10-45%. Tagamites – solid glassy massive rocks are mostly black, with weathering the color changes to brownish brown. The content of glass in tagamites is up to 90%.

 Vinnitsa сity

Excursion to the Vinnitsa city with a visit to unique monuments, analogues which in other cities of Ukraine do not exist. This is Hitler’s former bunker and Pirogov’s manor-house.

After placing at the hotel, the Roshn light and musical fountain is the largest floating fountain in Europe, which is one of the ten best and most spectacular fountains in the world.


Breakfast at the hotel.

From Vinnitsa we head south-west to the Bar. A small, picturesque city with an attraction is the Bar Castle, located on the left bank of the river Moat. Today, the remains of the defensive structures on the territory of the city park have remained from him, although at one time he was one of the largest castles in Podillya and for a long time it was called the gate of Polish Ukraine.

Move to Mankovtsy, where we will visit 2 geological monuments.

Bakota village. The first mention of Bakota refers to 1240, just during the Mongol-Tatar invasion. The word “Bakota” means the desired place. In 1362, it is mentioned about the existing rock monastery, which is the oldest monastery in the middle of the Dniester region.

Here on the high 120-meter white rock in the XI century .. a male monastery was created, most of whose premises were in caves. Rocky Monastery 10-13th Century. Along the way three healing springs are beaten. And in rocky cliffs up to 2.5 km long and up to 70 m high, under the white, fine-grained quartz sandstone Ordovician (500-445 million years), aleurolites, argillites and sandstones of Komariv and Polivanian layers are exposed. Somewhere on the middle of the mountain, meters over the ninety over the Dniester, there is a white stone slab, composed of limestones of the Cenomanian age (95 million years).

Kitaygor (Chinacity) city

About 20 km from Bakota, another very interesting village – Kitajador. This is also the territory of NPP “Podilsky Tovtry”. The world-famous Kitaygorodskaya outcrop is a unique section in which, on the steep left bank of the Ternava River, one can observe at the same time deposits with a capacity up to 200 m. – Vendian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Chalk, Neogene and Anthropogenic. This place is unique, because it is the only one for the European continent with the outcropping of the borders of Cambrian and Precambrian. In addition, the incision is paleontologically characterized (fragments of reflections of invertebrates and ancient multicellular algae – vendotenid, and tubes of subeliditis, complex of acritarchs – a group of heterogeneous unicellular microorganisms of unknown origin, bioglyphs), and well laid out.

Kamyanets – Podilsky city

An excursion to the Old City is a national historical and architectural reserve which includes the Kamyanets-Podilsky fortress (XV-XVI). Town Hall building (XIV), Dominican (XIV) and Franciscan (XIV) monasteries, Armenian bastion, bell tower and trading house (XV-XVII). The Peter and Paul Cathedral (XV-XVI), the Peter and Paul Church (1569), Turkish minaret (XVІІ).

Monastery of the Dominicans (1720-1722) Theological Seminary (1790) and other monuments of architecture. Here is the Canyon r Smotrich – a geological monument of national significance.


Breakfast at the hotel.

Then take a trip to Krivche village, through the village Skala-Podolsk village, which is more than 500 m in the left lagoon of the Zbruch valley in the form of picturesque rocks up to 25 m high. The outcrops of the upper silurian carbonate deposits (410-430 million years), which are represented by tiled, single-limbed limestones and lumpy ones, are observed,organogenic-debris limestone. In the latter there are well-preserved remains of corals, brachiopods, cephalopods. Above the outcrop – the ruins of an ancient castle. On both sides of the village, deposits of limestone are being developed.

Krivche village  within 15 km of the district center Borschiv. The old name of the village is Oplakane. The main attraction of the village of Kryvche is the Crystal Cave, which is located in the village of Kryvche on a narrow watershed plateau between Tsyganka and Semenov flow, with a total length of 23 km. The cave was opened in 1905-1906 by K. Gutkovsky. There is a mineral spring in the cave.

On the southern outskirts of the Kryvche village (the left sloping slope of the valley of the Tsyganka river) is a geological monument – the outcrop of gypsum of Tirask’s world, the area of ​​which is 5 hectares. The rock outcrops of rocks up to 20 m. The lower part of the section is represented by white, fine-grained gypsum of stromatolithic structure. In the upper part there are giant-crystalline shale-like gypsum browns that form giant (up to 10 m in diameter) hemispherical radial-radiant structures. In gypsum there are numerous grottoes of karst origin. Then go to the city of Borschiv city.

Borschiv – the city is located on the left bank of the river Nichlava. The southern agro-climatic region, to which the Borschiv belongs, are called “warm Podillya”. 109 days a year, this temperature is maintained above + 15C. Old towns of the late Paleolithic, Trypillian and Old Russian cultures have been found on the outskirts of the city. The name of the city is, apparently, from the plant “Dwarf”. Also, the legend connects the occupation with the times of the Tartar period, when residents allegedly drowned a attacker in a  boiler with a borsch.

In Borschev there are monuments of architecture – a church (1763, restored in 1930) and a stone church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin (1886). There is a copy of the miraculous icon of Borshchiv God’s mother in the “black” vyshivanka.

In 10 km from the city of Borshchov along the highway we drive with  Korolivka village, near which is an “Optimistic” cave. The length of the cave is 215 km, the area is 350 thousand m2; volume – 720 thousand m3. It is the largest cave in the world in sulfate rocks and the second in length from all caves of the world.

Further along the road is the Kasperovtsy village. The village was founded in 1469. Here, archaeological sites of the late Paleolithic, Trypillian, Hawaiian-Holligrad, Lipetsk, Slavic, Old Russian cultures, the late Feudal period, and the treasure of Roman coins were discovered. The most famous of these antiquities, this is the so-called Mospertian monument of Kasperivtsev – one of the most interesting objects of the Middle Paleolithic of Eastern Europe. There are also two geological monuments here: the Tupa Canyon and the Seret River Canyon.

Zalishchiki is a village on the border of the Ternopil and Chernivtsi regions, where the Dniester bends by almost 360 degrees, forming a three-kilometer meander, in the middle of which lie Zalishchiki. The former Polish resort number 1, and today – just a district center of the Ternopil region. Here on the slope of the valley of the Dnister River, 140 meters high, the geological monument – Zvenyachinsko – Khreschatyn wall. Separate Devonian, Chalk and Miocene deposits.

In Zalyshchiki city, we move the Dniester and walk to the Gorodenka city . On the right side of the road, we see that in the places close to the surface of the sulfate rocks of the Tirasskaya world of the upper Miocene, there is an intense development of karst forms – funnels, depressions, karst remnants, small caves. The most characteristic funnels are observed near the city of Gorodenka. Here they have a diameter of 8-12 m, a depth of 5-6 m, often ends with ponor.


Breakfast at the hotel.

Kolomiya It was first mentioned in the Galician-Volyn chronicle in 1240. All-Ukrainian cultural heritage has become local folklore works – kolomyuks. the first mention of them belongs to the XVII century. One of the best in Ukraine museums of folk art of Hutsulshchyna and Pokuttya. The museum presents incrustation, wood burning, carving, ceramics, artistic weaving, embroidery, carpet weaving, Easter painting, decoration of beads.

The business card of Kolomyia became an architectural building in the form of an Easter egg. This is the only museum in the world, “Pysanka”, built specifically for the preservation and display of works of Easter eggs. There are more than 6,000 Easter eggs in the museum collection.

Architectural monument of the XVI century. – Annunciation Church – an example of wooden construction in Hutsulshchyna.

On the way to Yaremche Dora, we see the zone of the outer Carpathian Mountains on the Predkapatsky deflection.

Transfer to the Tatariv village

The Tatars village.

In the center of the village there is a rocky cliff in height of 20 m, and in the riverbed there are thresholds of 10 m in length. The section of the lower crustal horizon, which lies in the lower part of the Menilite world of oligocene (35-25 million years), Is represented by fine-striking transmissiveness of thin-walled black flint and individual asparagus-gray marls.

Under it – a pack of black argillites of the Bystric world of the upper Eocene (40 million rubles). From the village of Tatars we go to Yablonica and Yablonitsky Pass and on the N09 road we go down to the village Yasinya. Here Here, on the right side of the picturesque stream Svydovets, there is a silty clay-sandy fleece of the Shitp world of the Lower Cretaceous. The age of the rocks is determined by the findings of the microfauna.

Not far from the southern outskirts of the town Yasin is located – the hydrological nature monument of the local significance of the Trubanets waterfall. It consists of numerous (more than 5) cascades. Created on the site of the exit on the surface of sandstone resistant to erosion.

Kvasy village is located on both sides of the Chorna Tisza River. In the XVIII century. The village belonged to the Royal family. The name of the village comes from the word “kvass (sour) water”, so in the Hutsulshchine the mineral water is called “kvass’s”. In the village there are in fact mineral springs, water of which belongs to the type Arzni and Essentuki or Burkut, (another name of the mineral water is Hutsul dialect).

Further, in the picturesque valley of the Tristyanets creek, on both of its banks, there are rocks in the height of 50-60 m, composed of diabases, spilites of the Tentacular world of the late Jurassic. Here, up to ten lava flows with a capacity from several to 32 m are allocated, in which places are marked by cheetah with opal. The outputs are a stratotype of these formations in the Carpathians. Length of exits up to 2 km.

Rakhiv city. The district center of the Transcarpathian region is located in a mountain valley at an altitude of 430 m above sea level – the highest in Ukraine. The highest elevation difference in Rakhiv is between the lowest (400 m) and the highest (1200 m) streets. Due to the geographical location, the unique nature and original Hutsul culture, Rahov is known as one of the most popular tourist and recreational centers in western Ukraine. On its southern suburbs 3 sites of geological monuments: a section of Kamenopotok covers; the outcrop of the Perm-Triassic deposits and the outcrop of the Triassic deposits, and near the village. Kostylivka – another geological memorial – “The Rocks of Lovers”.

Geographical Center of Europe. This place is extremely popular among tourists and travelers. It is located 5 km from the village  Kostylivka, near the village Round.

Dilove Village. On its western outskirts, on the right side of the stream Saulak there is a quarry and a gallery. In the quarry among the intensively dispersed quartz-feldspar-chlorite-sericite shales, developed in the zone between the Dilovetsky and Belopototsky covers of the Marmara massif, there is a lens of quartz-carbonate rocks with low-sulfide visible gold mineralization. (Saulyak deposit).

And on the southeastern outskirts of the village has two career. White, light gray marbles are laid off in the lower career among carbonaceous-chlorite-sericite crystalline shales  of the ower Cambrian. In the upper  career, the breccia dolomite of the upper Devonian-lower Carboniferous  which lie in the thicket of the phyllites, was developed.

The Solotvyno village is known for salt deposits.

The extraction of salt in these places existed from the time of the conquest of Dacia by the Roman emperor Trajan (II century BC).

In the mines found the Roman coins of the 2nd-4th centuries AD Salt mines at that time were the most valuable treasure of the region and yielded the highest profits to the Hungarian government.

On the western outskirts of the village of Solotvyn, on the right bank of the Tisza River, in the Zaton tract, a geological memorial – “salts outcrops”.

The outcrop is a small cliff height up to 5 m (the remains of the apical part of the diapir), which is composed of crystalline rock salt (halite). The diaphragm breaks the sedimentary accumulation of the Upper Boyad age in the weakened zone of a major fault.

Thanks to the lifting of the diaphragmatic structure, the third floodplain terrace of the Tisza River was deformed, resulting in a karst burrogosto – a demarcated relief with the formation of ditches and small lakes with salty water, as well as tiny landslides.

Then take the north to the north, near the village.

The length of the section along the river is 1000 m, width is up to 50-80 m, and in the quarry area there are development of marbled limestones of the Upper Jurassic – up to 200 m.

Kolochava is a unique village. There are 10 museums, among which are the Museum “Stare Selo”, the Museum “Vuzzkolojka”, the Bokarash Museum, the Museum Bunker Stear (UPA) and others, which are very interesting and unique. The Kolochav Museum of Lost “Old Village” sinks annually in purple flowers, because it is the valley of the Crocus (Saffron Gaifelov). The village is located on the territory of the reserve “Synevyr” and is located next to the unique natural monuments – the Synevyr and the waterfall Shipit. Not far away is the rehabilitation center  – a kind of natural zoo.

In 5 km from the village Kolochava –  Synevir lake. Here in June 2010 the Museum of Forest and Alloy (located near the northeastern outskirts of the village) began to work. In it you can see the models of knots, structures and devices of the entire technological process of harvesting, sorting, storing and transporting wood in the form of raft-bokors, as well as seeing other exhibits of the museum of wood pulp.


Breakfast at the hotel.

From Kolochava we head to the Synevyr lake, which is one of the 7 natural wonders of Ukraine, along the path through the rehabilitation center of the bears.

Lake Synevyr is considered the most attractive and charming lake, which is simultaneously the largest and deepest of the high mountain lakes in Ukraine. It is the most valuable natural treasure of the same name of the National Natural Park and is one of the business cards of the Ukrainian Carpathians. It is located at an altitude of 989 m above sea level. The average waterfall area is 4-5 hectares, the depth of the lake is 8-10 meters on average. However, in places the largest depths of the Synevyr reach 19-22 meters. This is even more so than in the Sea of ​​Azov, the deepest place of which is 14 meters.

Vigoda city

In the Benefit is the Vygis’kyj narrow-gauge heritage center (Modern museum, in which 20 interactive stands-games, a unique interpretive video about the terrain, created specifically for the center and voiced in 5 languages), a running tram running deep into the gorban forests.

The historic building of the Heritage Center, built in 1855, is the oldest building in the village.

Then follow the Bolechov village route which has been known since 1546, when the welding of salt began. Passing Bolechov  for viewing the model outcrop – “Karpaty in miniature” which is included in the international geo-tourist route “Geo-Carpathians” and perfectly illustrates the complex mechanism of formation of the Carpathians as a consequence of the collision of two tectonic plates. Yes Dovbush Rocks on the northwestern outskirts of the village Bubble.

Morshyn city  is located among the Carpathian protected forests at an altitude of 340 m above sea level in the territory of the Lviv region. From ancient times – now mirabilite was extracted – Glauber salt. And already in the XIX century, the Morshyn sources were used as a therapeutic agent for treating digestive organs. The basis of the city-forming base of the city is the resort economy.


Breakfast at the hotel.

On the road near Uhersky village – we see Lake Geologists. An artificial crater filled with water, formed as a result of an exploratory well crash on the Uhersky gas field in 1946. Exploratory well number 105 opened a gas bearing deposit in the sandstones of the Dashava world. Due to abnormally high reservoir gas pressure and a drill crew’s mistake during a downhole operation, a sudden gas release occurred. The gas pressure was torn off by the preventor from the mouth of the well, and in a few seconds threw a 800-meter column of 6-inch drill pipes. Due to friction of drill pipes about a drill rig, gas burned. The pillar of fire reached 30 m in height, and at night the bell was visible even from Lviv. In the first days of fountaining on the well, a crater was formed up to 125 m wide and depth to 40 m. To eradicate the fountain in 1947, two inclined wells were drilled 200 m from the emergency 105, and only after the introduction of these wells in operation the fountain was able to extinguish. The crater was filled with water, and the lake has survived to this day.

Pochaiv is a city in the Kremenets district of the Ternopil region. Known through the Pochaev Lavra.

Holy Assumption Pochayiv Lavra – Orthodox monastery of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church with the status of a laurel. The largest Orthodox shrine of Volhynia, the second after the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. On the territory of the laurel is the Pochaev spiritual seminary.

Kremenets city. The first mention of the city dates back to 1226, when the Rusichi destroyed the combined forces of Hungarian and Polish troops under the Kremenets walls. During the liberation war of the Ukrainian people 1648 – 1657r. Kremenets castle was a fortress for the Poles. I Nearby – the Kremenets mountains – the picturesque hills: the mountains Church, Zamkova, Gostra, Maiden Rocks and others, which are erosion remnants that are part of the Hologoro-Kremenets ridge. They are composed in the lower part of the Cretaceous limestone and writing chalk of the Turonian tier of the upper Cretaceous (100 million years ), And on the upper part, by carbonate sandstones and pseudo-limestone limestones of the Baden and Sarmatian regioiruses, Miocene (11-16 million years).

From Kremenets we continue the route, twe turn to village Onyshkivka. On the outskirts of the ancient village Onyshkivtsi, 12 km from Kremenets, in the Dubensky district of the Rivne region, is a monument to the righteous Anna, consisting of a temple, a residential building and several other buildings, over a miniature karst lake. This Orthodox monastery, which appeared here in the 90’s. of the last century, belongs to the Mykolayiv Women’s Monastery, located in the village.

The town near the city of Rivne. The place is called “The Source of St. Anne,” and no doubt it is worth paying attention.

The water of the lake, blue in color, is considered healing. Breaking through the depths of the earth through the thickness of the chalk, it constantly has approximately the same temperature. In the lake, as well as in the special baths, arranged near the church, bathers and bathers are bathed in summer and winter. On the opposite side of the temple is a well, from which you can stock up on the way with healing water.


Breakfast at the hotel

Moving to the geological monument – Basalt pillars.

36 km from the city of Rivne – in the village of Kostopil. In the Kostopil district, between the villages of Basalt and Berestovets in the quarries – the basalts of the trap formation of the lower venge with a column separate. The study of the forms of occurrence of basalts, the nature of the individual is important for the establishment of features of Early-wing volcanism, paleoreconstruction. Mineralogical findings are also interesting in them. Here you can find such minerals as quartz, chalcedony, vein agate, calcite, barite, chlorite, hematite, seladonite, various zeolites. Relatively rarely found Icelandic spar, amethyst-like quartz, amethyst, agate. Often, here you can find the veins, composed of crystalline calcite with impurities of green saladonite and other minerals, various combinations of which make landscapes. In the veins there are interspersed native copper of large sizes.

Amber Museum is the youngest museum institution in the city (open in the summer of 2010), based on two amber rooms, which feature jewelry and paintings, unique bullion ingots found in Rivne region, as well as clothing and shoes decorated with this stone.

From Rivne and through Korets we go further. In Korets, ruins of an ancient fortress and a geological monument, the granite outcrops of the Zhytomyr complex on the Korchik River. In the city there is a functioning women’s monastery in the Korets.

Moving to the city of Khoroshiv, Zhytomyr region

Museum of precious and decorative stones – one of the well-known geological museums of Ukraine and the world.

The collection of unique minerals and rocks from chamber pegmatites of Volhynia made the museum popular both among geologists-specialists and the general population.

Chamber pegmatites of Korosten pluton, have a long history of research. In general, these specific formations are defined as the topazo-morion chamber (term MM Ermakova, 1957), granite pegmatites, spatially and genetically associated with granite intrusions of small depths.

The museum is famous as “the scientific object, which is the national heritage of Ukraine”. The Museum has collected unique (jewelry) crystals of topaz (“Golden Polesie”, “Dzhereltse”, “Tale”, “Academician Fersman”) and beryl (“Apostles Peter and Paul”, “Academician Lazarenko”, “Professor Pavlyshyn”), rich collection material.

Next excursion to Irshansk city

The Irshanskoye deposit of titanium ores was discovered in the early 1950s. This is the largest deposit in Europe of titanium ores.

Ukrainian titanium ores belong to exogenous minerals, represented mainly by ilmenite (FeTiO3), rutile (TiO2), arizonite and leukoxen. Titanium formations of Ukraine are represented by zircon-ilmenite placers, ilmenite weathering crust and ilmenite gabbro. Ilmenite concentrates are produced by Irshansk Mining processing plant. Titanium – one of the most important structural and strategic metals. Taking into account specific strength, hardness and corrosion resistance, titanium is used for the construction of airplanes, spacecraft, complex chemical equipment and nuclear technology. Only Ukraine, China and the United States have a full cycle of production of titanium rolled products.

Arriving in Kyiv – in the evening.

The cost of the tour is 20 000 UAH (800 USD).

Contact details

Ukrainian State Geological Research Institute (UkrSGRI),
78А Avtozavodska Street,
04114 Kiev, Ukraine
Fax: +38 (044) 432-35-22 (receiving room)

Responsible for holding and preparations:

Oleksii Zurian, PhD inTechnical Sciences
Fax: +38 (044) 206-35-59, tel.: +38 (050) 778-30-29

Secretary of the Conference

Kolesnik Tatyana,
tel. +38 (044) 206-35-25, mob. tel.: +38 (066) 706-16-25

Kovtun Aleksandr,
tel. +38 (044) 206-35-39, mob. tel.: +38 (093) 61-61-201